Being either congenital or the result of an injury, glaucoma is a vision complication that actually covers a range of various eye conditions associated with damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma can affect people of all ages and races, and in some cases, can result in vision loss and blindness.
Types of Glaucoma
There are two different kinds of glaucoma that can develop in both children and adults, which are serious eye conditions that should be treated as soon as the symptoms are detected. Each version is determined by the drainage angle inside the eye, which controls the flow of liquid that is being generated. If this liquid can gain access to the drainage angle easily, the condition is known as Open Angle Glaucoma. If the angle is blocked and the liquid is unable to drain out, the condition is called Narrow Angle Glaucoma. In either case, it might be difficult to notice the signs and symptoms, especially in children, as they cannot accurately describe what they are going through. Most commonly, if you begin to notice a white or hazy patch on the surface of eye, it’s time to consult with your doctor.
The damage to the optic nerve is the result of high levels of intraocular eye pressure, which rises when fluid in the eye drains slowly – which is called open angle or chronic glaucoma – or when the eye’s drainage canals become blocked – which is known as closed angle or acute glaucoma. Some of the diseases or conditions that contribute to the development of glaucoma include:
- Eye injuries
- Eye infections
- Increased eye pressure
- Blocked blood vessels
- Eye inflammations
There are many aspects that can lead to the risk of developing glaucoma, which include age, ethnicity, family history, thin corneas, diabetes, hyperopia, myopia, increased eye pressure and low blood pressure. Although there is no preventive method to stop glaucoma from developing, there are methods to stop the condition from progressing:
- Annual glaucoma screening
- Regular eye examinations
- Healthy lifestyle changes
- Doctor-recommended treatment plans
- Care and attention to protect eyes from injury
How to Detect Glaucoma
Often known as the silent thief of sight, glaucoma can remain undetected for long periods of time, even until serious irreversible damage has occurred. The condition typically has no symptoms until vision loss starts of occur, which makes it even more important to get tested as early as possible. With advanced stages of glaucoma, the optic nerve can get severely damaged and lead to various levels of permanent vision loss. There are some instances where the symptoms begin to show immediately, including intense eye pain, blurry vision, halos around lights, nausea and vomiting.
Treatments Available for Glaucoma
Glaucoma can be treated with a combination of surgery and medication, which is often the best course of action for most patients. The initial solution involves trying to control the eye pressure with medicated eye drops, which helps in preventing long-term damage to the structure of the eye. These prescriptions should be carefully followed to allow for optimal healing and reversing of the condition, especially in cases where the glaucoma has reached advanced stages. Even though there are alternative methods available, it is never recommended to discontinue the use of prescribed eye drops without consulting your doctor first.
If you are affected by glaucoma and are looking for the best glaucoma treatment in Dubai, we at Spanish Center Dubai offer traditional surgical options and laser treatments with cost-effective packages and highly skilled specialists.