What is Keratoconus?
Simply put, Keratoconus is a progressive disease of the eye that affects the shape and structure of the cornea. Round, the cornea starts to thin out and bulge into a cone-like shape, which deflects the light entering the eye on its way to the retina, causing distorted vision. As the form of the cornea begins to deteriorate further, nearsightedness can develop along with irregular astigmatism, which can tend to worsen the condition further. In addition to distorted vision, patients experience glare and light sensitivity, as well as fluctuations in their vision clarity and strength. Keratoconus is very common around the world, and can start to develop as early as the teenage years in some cases.
Keratoconus commonly caused by a decrease in protective antioxidants in the cornea, which protect from general damage caused by factors such as dust and exhaust fumes. When antioxidants levels are low, the collagen weakens, and the cornea bulges out. The structural changes within the cornea cause it to thin and change to a more conical shape. Keratoconus can cause substantial distortion of vision, often resulting in complications such as streaking, multiple images and sensitivity to light. Here are several treatments available for Keratoconus, which are selected and administered depending on the patient’s condition. These treatments include:
- Rose K Hard Lenses
- Custom Soft Contact Lenses
- Gas permeable Contact Lenses
- Implantable Contact Lens (ICL)
- Topography-Guided Conductive Keratoplasty
- Corneal Transplant
- Corneal Collagen Crosslinking
- Hybrid Contact Lenses
- Scleral and Semi-Scleral Lenses
What causes Keratoconus?
To treat the condition more effectively, we have to understand how it developed in the first place. There have been various studies on Keratoconus, and researchers have found a common link between the disease and an imbalance of enzymes that exist inside the cornea. This imbalance leads the cornea becoming more susceptible to oxidative damage from free radicals, enhancing the deterioration and bulging of the corneal structure. Patients might be genetically predisposed to Keratoconus, as the condition has been known to exhibit in more than one member of the same family. Beyond genetics, other factors contribute to the development of Keratoconus, including excessive exposure to harmful UV rays in sunlight, rubbing the eyes vigorously, and even poorly fitted contact lenses that cause chronic eye irritation.
Keratoconus Surgery in Dubai at Spanish Center
If you would like to have Keratoconus Treatment in Dubai or Keratoconus Surgery in Dubai, our team at Spanish Center Dubai can help guide you towards the most suitable procedure regarding your condition. We offer free consultations and some of the most advanced facilities for Keratoconus treatment in the UAE.