The impact of hot weather on the cornea and how to treat it

0 January 17, 2016

High temperatures, extremely bright sunlight, hot air currents, and dry air are all factors that have direct impacts on the body in general and the eyes in particular. Individuals in areas where summer heat doesn’t exceed 35 degrees can feel these changes, so what would be impacts of these changes in desert areas such as the United Arab Emirates particularly and the Gulf in general, where temperatures rise dramatically. Some of the precautions that can be adopted to reduce the direct negative impact of such weather are the use of headgears of light colors that reflect sunbeams such as the white Ghutra and hats to protect the face and the eyes from the sun. Sunglasses that contain Ultraviolet (UV) protective filters can also be used for such protection. In some cases, these conditions lead to common eye diseases such as Keratoconus. Perhaps many of us have heard the term Keratoconus, but few of us know it in detail; not because it is a rare disease, but because of the variant rates of infection with it. Keratoconus was discovered by a German doctor who has presented early descriptions of Keratoconus during a medical meeting in 1748. He was followed by a British doctor who described in 1854 this disease very clearly and distinguished it from other diseases related to the cornea. He diagnosed it by double vision and weakness in the cornea. In modern days; Keratoconus disease is